Objective and general structure of ESRS 2
ESRS 2 General disclosures can be assigned to the cross-cutting standards and specifies requirements that must be disclosed regardless of the company’s sector. ESRS 2 distinguishes between disclosure requirements, which require explicit data on various sustainability topics, and disclosure content, which defines the general structure and minimum content of disclosures regarding guidelines, measures, and objectives in the topical standards.
The ESRS 2 is divided into the following five sections:
- Basis for Preparation
- Impact, risk and opportunity management
- Metrics and targets
Ad 1. Basis for Preparation (BP-1 and BP-2)
The information on the disclosure requirements under BP-1 and BP-2 is intended to provide information on the procedures and principles of a company’s reporting. In the case of consolidated reporting, the scope of consolidation must be disclosed. When data is not published in the general disclosure requirements due to its sensitivity or there is an estimation uncertainty, this must be indicated. Furthermore, identified errors from previous periods and changes in the presentation of the information must be reported.
Ad 2. Governance (GOV-1 – GOV-5)
The governance chapter is aimed at establishing an understanding of the governance processes, controls and procedures put in place to monitor and manage sustainability issues. According to GOV1, the composition of the administrative, management and supervisory bodies, their tasks and responsibilities must be disclosed in order to increase the diversity of the active bodies, including gender diversity. In addition, information regarding access to expertise and skills related to sustainability issues must be disclosed. According to GOV2, companies must report on how sustainability-related issues are communicated to and subsequently addressed by the management. The disclosure requirements under GOV3 require the integration of sustainability-related performance into incentive schemes. Companies, as required by GOV4, must disclose where the sustainability due diligence process information can be found. According to GOV5, the company must provide insight into the company’s risk management and internal control processes related to sustainability reporting.
Ad 3. Strategy (SBM-1 – SBM-3)
According to the SBM-1 disclosure requirements, the company’s market position, sustainability-related elements of the strategy, business models and key value chains must be disclosed. To ensure that the corporate strategy is aligned with stakeholders, SBM-2 requires the company to disclose how their interests and views are taken into account in the business model. In accordance with SBM-3, companies are required to disclose their material sustainability-related impacts, risks and opportunities. Furthermore, it must be shown how these are related to the strategy and the business model.
Ad 4. Impact, risk and opportunity management (IRO-1 and IRO-2, DC-P and DC-A)
This section is divided into three subsections: 4.1 Disclosures on the materiality assessment process, 4.2 Reporting on opportunities, and 4.3 Disclosure Content on policies and actions. According to IRO-1 in subsection 4.1, companies must disclose the processes used to identify impacts, risks and opportunities and the processes used to assess them. According to IRO-2, the disclosure requirements covered in the sustainability statements must be reported. Furthermore, it must be disclosed which topics were classified as non-material on the basis of the materiality assessment and were omitted for this reason. Subsection 4.2 deals with the reporting on opportunities. The disclosure of these opportunities should enable the reader to understand the opportunities for the company or the entire sector. According to DC-P in subsection 4.3, companies must disclose the methods used to address a material sustainability issue. In addition, according to DC-A, a description of the measures used to address material sustainability aspects must be provided. The action plans and planned resources used to implement the measure must also be disclosed. Both disclosure contents (DC-P and DC-A) are to be applied with the topical ESRS.
Ad 5. Metrics and targets (DC-M and DC-T)
Companies must disclose which metrics from topical and sector-specific ESRS or which company-specific metrics they use to assess a material impact of a risk or opportunity (IRO). It must also disclose whether the ESRS metrics have been validated by an external party, other than the auditor of the sustainability reporting. In order for conclusions to be drawn about the effectiveness of the methods and measures set, the target figures used for the material sustainability aspects must be disclosed by the companies. This is intended to provide transparency with regard to the effectiveness of the measures and the overall progress of the targets set.